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Dark Circles Around the Eyes: Causes and Treatment

Why Do We Get Dark Circles Under Our Eyes?

The thin layer of skin under your eyes reveals blood vessels and the blood they carry more vividly than anyplace else on your body, causing periorbital dark rings. The skin beneath your lower eyelid, known as the periorbital skin, is typically around 0.5 mm thick, but the skin covering the rest of your body is typically about 2 mm thick.

The same technique applies to the skin below your eyes. These ugly, dark blue circles are created when the blood vessels immediately under the surface of the skin begin to reflect light. This is also the reason why face bruises are typically more visible under or around the eyes; the thin skin reveals the blood from the ruptured blood vessels significantly more clearly. Before discussing treatment alternatives for dark circles under the eyes, let’s examine the causes.

Contributing Causes to Dark Eye Circles


When the body is under stress, it diverts blood from places such as the face to the organs that require it the most. As a result of a diminished blood flow, the face becomes pale and depleted. When compared to the complexion of the rest of your face or body, the dark circles beneath your eyes might appear much more apparent.

Collagen Loss

As we grow older, loss of elasticity and diminished capacity to renew, makes our skin thinner. This is the reason why, despite sleeping longer hours, elderly people typically have more prominent periorbital dark circles.

Periorbital Hyperpigmentation

This is a disorder in which the skin under the eyes generates more melanin, resulting in a darker hue or increased pigmentation of the affected region.


The appearance and intensity of dark circles beneath the eyes is significantly influenced by our genetic makeup. As a result, certain individuals are more susceptible to developing dark circles. Particularly if you are born with very light skin, you are more susceptible to have pigmentation problems. Additionally, fractured capillaries are likely to stick up more dramatically on your skin.

Iron Insufficiency

Occasionally, dark circles under the eyes might be a sign of iron deficiency illnesses like anemia. In individuals with low iron levels, the red pigment haemoglobin, which delivers oxygen to cells, is readily broken down, giving the skin below the eyes a dark or bruised appearance.

Broken Capillaries

Just below the eyes is the thinnest and most fragile section of skin on your face. As the most delicate portions of skin on the face, the capillaries lying underneath this thin dermis are more susceptible to rupturing, typically as a result of stress or exposure to intense sunlight. The blood cells that radiate out from these gaps typically congregate just beneath the skin’s surface, where they oxidize and take on a dark purple tint.

Sunken-Looking Eyes

The orbital bones tend to diminish with age, resulting in an enlargement of the orbital hollow. Part of the periorbital fat that surrounds and cushions the eyes diminishes over time. As a result, our eyes appear sunken, making the dark circles appear worse.

Elimination of Therapy for Dark Eye Circles

Fractional lasers, ablative radio frequency, or ultrasonic therapies that target collagen regeneration and try to tighten and tone the skin can be used to treat dark eyes and sunken eyes. Individuals with more prominent eye bags may choose to undergo surgery. Under-eye injections of fillers are possible, but they must be done regularly.

We do non-invasive dark eye circle removal in Singapore. There is no need for surgery or injections, and recovery time is low.